The Argotti Botanic Gardens & Resource Centre in Floriana forms part of the University of Malta and their development as a botanic garden dates back to the early 19th century when the first Chair of Natural History was established.
At present Argotti maintains the national herbarium and a diverse botanical collection that includes a Mediterranean section. Argotti Botanic Gardens & Resource Centre is also involved in teaching and research activities with various departments including the Department of Biology, Department of Conservation & Built Heritage, Department of Architecture & Urban Design and Institute of Earth Systems. Research projects have focused on plant conservation, ecology and bioactive plants extracts. Additionally, the gardens have served as an open classroom for primary and secondary schools. Argotti is the Commonwealth's third oldest botanical garden.